Author Topic: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service  (Read 1460 times)

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Offline rickshaw

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The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« on: December 02, 2014, 04:03:35 pm »
The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service

When the RAAF entered the Korean War in 1950, it was very obvious that it's F-51 Mustangs were very much behind the curve of moden aeronautical developments.  The USAF was already fielding large numbers of jet aircraft, the F-80 Shooting Star, the F-84 Thunderstreak and the soon to be introduced F-86 Sabre.  The Communists were quick to introduce their latest aircraft in the MiG-15, which completely outclassed the RAAF's piston-engined aircraft.  Hurriedly, the RAAF ordered Gloster Meteors from the UK, having already had limited experience with the type, just after WWII when in 1946 a Meteor captured Australian newspaper headlines when it flew over Melbourne at 788 km/h (490 mph). Imported on 7 June 1946, this Meteor F 4 carried out trials at Laverton and Darwin and, at one time, carried two identification numbers - the RAF serial EE427 and the RAAF allocation A77-1. However, it was not until 1951, when Meteors went into action with No 77 Squadron in Korea, that these aircraft made their mark in RAAF history.

Ninety-three Meteor F 8s and six Meteor T 7s were allocated to the Korean War with scattered serial numbers ranging between A77-2 (T 7) and A77-982 (F 8). They were used mainly in the ground-attack role, but also accounted for three MIG-15s. Forty-one F 8s and three T 7s returned to Australia aboard HMAS Vengeance, and continued on in service with the RAAF, as second-line fighters until 1963.   The Meteor was an excellent introductory aircraft to jet propulsion, however as was discovered when facing the far faster and more manoeuvrable, swept-wing fighters it had severe limitations.

Another was that the Meteor was purely a clear weather fighter, with no radar.  The RAAF found this limited it's usefulness, particularly in the wintery skies above Korea.  So, it began a search for an all-weather fighter compliment to it.  Internationally, there were several alternatives available - a variant of the Meteor (based on the T.7), the F-89 Scorpion and the Canadian CF-100 Canuck.   However, due to the massive re-equipment of the RAF and USAF as a consequence of the Korean War emergency, neither the UK or the US would be in a position to fulfil any orders from the RAAF for several years.  When the performance characteristics of the three contenders were compared and confirmed by an investigating commission sent overseas to test the aircraft, the CF-100 was a clear winner, particularly when it was able to demonstrate that it could break the sound barrier in a dive.  Avro Canada, manufacturers of the CF-100 were quite willing to negotiate a license production agreement with Australia.

The Australian Government Aircraft Factories started licensed production of 50 CF-100 Canuck aircraft in 1953 (48 fighters and 2 TF-100 trainers).  Entering service with the RAAF serial A82, they were issued to Nos 21,22 and 23 Squadrons.  During their service lives from 1954 to 1966, the CF-100s were steadily upgraded from Mk.3 to Mk.5 standard, with the main changes being to electronic equipment and eventually armament.  Unlike Canadian and Belgian versions, the RAAFs were armed to carry 4 x 30mm ADEN cannon instead of the standard 8 x .50in machineguns, an armament they retained throughout their careers.  In 1960, while waiting their replacement, they were finally upgraded to operate air-to-air missiles (2 x AIM-7C Sparrow and 2 x AIM-9B Sidewinder).   Their advanced, for the day, radars and air intercept systems allowed them to find and destroy targets in all weathers and times of day, an advantage particularly in the tropical storms experienced in and around Darwin and far North Queensland when the main day fighter for the period, the CA-27 Avon Sabre lacked any radar.

The aircraft depicted is that of A82-5, serving with 21 Squadron, Richmond, in 1960.  Unusually, this aircraft does not carry it's serials, which in the various pictures of it has never been fully explained.








The Model

This is the venerable Hobbycraft CF-100 Mk.4, in 1/72 scale.  It is constructed as standard, except for the addition of four underwing hardpoints and the missiles they carry.  I experimented on this model with Baremetal Foil. As a consequence, I've learnt a lot and will more than likely continue to use it (or plain Aluminium foil) in future for bare metal finishes.  I'm pleased with the results.  Much better than anything I've achieved from a tin of paint.
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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #1 on: December 02, 2014, 04:42:02 pm »
You HAVE been busy, haven't you?  ;D

That Canuck looks great in RAAF markings, and the Bare Metal Foil job is exemplary! I've used that just once in my life and never really got on with it, so I appreciate the amount of work you put into it, nice one.  :thumbsup: :bow:
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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #2 on: December 02, 2014, 05:01:59 pm »
Goes perfectly with the F-106 - nice one!  :thumbsup:
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Offline rickshaw

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #3 on: December 02, 2014, 05:30:38 pm »
Truth be known, I wanted to do the F-106 in the Fanta Can scheme but the more I thought about it the more I felt I had to justify why the RAAF would have ended up with such a powerful interceptor, so...that lead to the CF-100 which allowed me to justify the F-106 to myself.  :thumbsup:

Kit, I found the bare-metal foil an interesting product to use.  The more I used it, the better I liked it.  My only problem was that it was really _too_ shiny to represent bare aluminium.  However, I persisted with it and it came out pretty reasonable.  The experience was useful 'cause it's taught me a few lessons on how to do it better the next time.  At the same time I came across a few websites on how to use ordinary Aluminium foil, so I'm going to have a crack at that next.  I hope it will give me a better result than the Bare Metal Foil did.  Neither having an airbrush or the patience to use paint to get the bare metal look I'm after, I think this is a good compromise.
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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #4 on: December 02, 2014, 06:13:37 pm »
On the aircraft I mentioned, a Bonanza Airlines Fairchild-Fokker F-227, I did the wings in cooking foil held down with gloss varnish (!) as it was the only thing that would do it in those days, mid 70s. I did the underside of the fuselage in the Bare Metal Foil with the self-adhesive backing, and used the semi-matt version which had a 'grain' to it, and arranged the panels with the grain in different directions.

The problems arose because it didn't stick well on one edge of the grain and kept on lifting up. I can't remember how I solved it as it was so long ago, but I still exhibit the model at non-Whiff Shows. I'll see if I can dig it out of its storage box and post a pic or two.
Any aircraft can be improved by fitting longer wings, and/or a longer fuselage

...and I'm not a closeted 'Take That' fan, I'm a REAL fan! :)

Regards
Kit

Offline The Rat

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #5 on: December 02, 2014, 07:01:03 pm »
Congratulations on turning out a model that good looking from the Hobbycraft lumps of plastic that impersonate a Clunk! I've fought one of those in the past, wasn't easy.  :thumbsup:
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Offline zenrat

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #6 on: December 03, 2014, 01:47:26 am »
Shiny!
Good job.

Which BMF did you use?  Looks a touch too flat for chrome.  Matt Aluminium?
I use either that or chrome to do the trim on 1/25 cars and it takes a bit of getting used to but is far far better than silver paint and nowhere near as much of a fiddle as masking and alcladding the trim (which i've seen done and looks awesome).
Fred

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Offline rickshaw

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #7 on: December 03, 2014, 03:00:50 am »
Yes, the Matt Aluminium which isn't very matt!   :banghead:
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Offline NARSES2

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #8 on: December 03, 2014, 06:42:06 am »
Come out really well mate  :thumbsup:
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Offline zenrat

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #9 on: December 03, 2014, 11:51:41 pm »
Yes, the Matt Aluminium which isn't very matt!   :banghead:

I've satin cleared the matt aluminium on car bodies.  Unlike when you clear metaliser it still looks like metal.  Might be worth a try if you think it's too shiny.  Not sure how it would look on a large area so do a test first.
I used White Knight Krystal Klear Acrylic satin from Bunnings.
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Offline Captain Canada

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Re: The Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in RAAF Service
« Reply #10 on: December 04, 2014, 08:33:50 pm »
Mmmmm....Canucks..... :wub: And armed to the teeth too ! Looks great in that nm finish. Great stuff !

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